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Kyphosis occurs as the forward rounding in the upper portion of the back. It’s normally an exaggerated rounding of more than 50 degrees, according to the National Scoliosis Foundation. This condition is also known as hunchback. Kyphosis can be a developmental problem or occur as the result of arthritis, osteoporosis, a fracture or trauma occurring in the spine. If kyphosis is mild, health problems are rarely a concern. People with severe kyphosis can incur damage in the lungs, nerves as well as tissues and organs. Severe kyphosis can be painful. Kyphosis can occur at any age, and treatment depends largely on your age. Exercise, anti-inflammatory medications, bracing and surgery are among the treatment options.

Scoliosis occurs when a person’s spine is curved from side to side. The National Scoliosis Foundation estimates that seven million Americans are affected. Scoliosis can affect infants, children and adults. However, it’s more likely to occur between ages 10 and 15. Females are eight times more likely to be diagnosed with scoliosis than males. Scoliosis can cause pain, limit activity levels, reduce respiratory functions and create self-esteem issues. Treatment for scoliosis is bracing. If bracing fails, a spinal fusion can correct the curvature of the spine.